# A Cyclotron Designed To Accelerate Protons? The 131 Detailed Answer

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A cyclotron designed to accelerate protons has an outer radius of 0.330 m. The protons are emitted nearly at rest from a source atthe center and are accelerated through 600 V each time they cross the gap between the dees. The dees are between the poles of anelectromagnet where the field is 0.550 T.

## A cyclotron designed to accelerate protons has an outer radius of 0330 m The protons are emitted n

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## What is a cyclotron used for in physics?

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physics A cyclotron is used to accelerate protons to a kinetic energy of 5M eV. If the strength of magnetic field in the cyclotron is 2T, find the radius and the frequency needed for the applied alternating voltage of the cyclotron. (Given: Velocity of proton = 3×107m/s)

Cyclotrons are widely used to accelerate charged particles in nuclear physics experiments and use them to bombard atomic nuclei. For radiation therapy in the treatment of cancer, different cyclotrons are used. Cyclotrons can be used for nuclear transmutation (change of the nuclear structure).

What is a cyclotron?

What is Cyclotron? A cyclotron is a machine that accelerates charged particles or ions to high energies. It was invented to investigate the nuclear structure by E.O Lawrence and M.S Livingston in 1934.

What happens when a particle is placed in a cyclotron?

The charged particle is inserted in a cyclotron such that its direction of motion is perpendicular to the static magnetic field. The magnetic field causes the particle to make rotations and the electric field accelerates the particle after each rotation. The electric field is generated by a high-frequency alternating voltage.

Why electric and magnetic fields are used in a cyclotron?

Both electric and magnetic fields are used in the cyclotron to increase the energy of the charged particles. As both the fields are perpendicular to each other, they are called cross fields.

What is the difference between electromagnetic accelerators and cyclotrons?

On the other hand, electromagnetic accelerators have known as Cyclotrons use magnetic fields to accelerate the charged particles. The particles accelerate in this type of machines due to the change in a magnetic field.

## Which device is used to accelerate protons to a kinetic energy?

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A cyclotron is used to accelerate protons to a kinetic energy of 5 MeV . If the strength of magnetic field in the cyclotron is 2T , find the radius and the frequency needed for the applied alternating voltage of the cyclotron. (Given: Velocity of proton = 3 × 10^7 m/s ) > A cyclotron is used to acce…

What is the kinetic energy of a proton in a cyclotron?

A cyclotron is used to accelerate protons to a kinetic energy of 5 MeV. If the strength of magnetic field in the cyclotron is 2T, find the radius and the frequency needed for the applied alternating voltage of the cyclotron. (Given: Velocity of proton = 3 × 10^7 m/s) 12th

What is a cyclotron used for in physics?

physics A cyclotron is used to accelerate protons to a kinetic energy of 5M eV. If the strength of magnetic field in the cyclotron is 2T, find the radius and the frequency needed for the applied alternating voltage of the cyclotron. (Given: Velocity of proton = 3×107m/s)

What are large accelerators used for in physics?

Large accelerators are used for basic research in particle physics. The most powerful accelerator currently is the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) near Geneva, Switzerland, built by the European collaboration CERN. It is a collider accelerator, which can accelerate two beams of protons to an energy of 6.5 TeV…

Which device is used to accelerate positive ions?

Cyclotron is a device which is used to accelerate the positive ions. The Fish Tale Across the Wall Tenths and HundredthsParts and Whole Can you see the Pattern? Circles Coordinate Geometry What is Democracy?

## What is the energy of alpha particles in a cyclotron?

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A cyclotron is used to acceleration protons. deuterons, alpha – particles etc. If the energy attained, after acceleration, by the protons is E , the energy attained by alpha – particles shall be: A cyclotron is used to acceleration protons. deuterons, α -particles etc.

A 60 inches cyclotron can produce Protons of about 10 MeV, deuterons of about 20 MeV, and Alpha particles of about 40 MeV. The maximum energy attained by means of University of Michigan USA cyclotron is 35 MeV protons, 50 MeV for deuterons, and 80 MeV for Alpha particles.

How does a cyclotron accelerate a particle?

Charged particles accelerate outwards from the centre of a cyclotron along a spiral route. A static magnetic field keeps these particles on a spiral route, while a rapidly shifting electric field accelerates them.

Does the final energy of a cyclotron depend on the accelerating voltage?

Since the particles in a cyclotron are accelerated by the voltage many times, the final energy of the particles is not dependent on the accelerating voltage but on the strength of the magnetic field and the diameter of the accelerating chamber, the dees.

What is the difference between electromagnetic accelerators and cyclotrons?

On the other hand, electromagnetic accelerators have known as Cyclotrons use magnetic fields to accelerate the charged particles. The particles accelerate in this type of machines due to the change in a magnetic field.

Why is the path of a cyclotron spiral?

The magnetic field forces the particles to travel in a spiral path. The energy is applied to the particles as they cross the gap between dees in the cyclotron and so the particles are accelerated. This effect increases the radius of the circle and so the path is spiral (see figure in the assignment).

## What is the radius of a cyclotron?

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A cyclotron designed to accelerate protons has an outer radius of 0.350 m . The protons are emitted nearly at rest from a source at the center and are accelerated through 600 V each time they cross the gap between the dees. The dees are between the poles of an electromagnet where the field is 0.800 T . (a) Find the cyclotron frequency.

In a cyclotron, protons are accelerated by a high frequency voltage. A uniform magnetic field, of flux density 200mT, causes the protons to follow a circular path that increases in radius as the protons gain kinetic energy. Immediately before the protons leave the cyclotron, the radius of their circular arc is 1.5m.

How does cyclotron frequency depend on speed and radius?

In the non-relativistic approximation, the cyclotron frequency does not depend upon the particle’s speed or the radius of the particle’s orbit. As the beam spirals out, the rotation frequency stays constant, and the beam continues to accelerate as it travels a greater distance in the same time period.

What is the energy of the particles in a cyclotron?

The energy of the particles depends on the strength of the magnetic field and the diameter of the dees. The centripetal force required to keep the particles in a curved path is given by the formula: A cyclotron has an oscillator frequency of 10 MHz.

What is the theory of cyclotron?

The theory of cyclotron is based on the interaction of a charged particle with electric and magnetic fields. The magnetic force on a particle of charge q, moving with velocity v due to a uniform magnetic field B is given by,

What is cyclotron resonance?

Cyclotron resonance describes the interaction of external forces with charged particles experiencing a magnetic field, thus already moving on a circular path. It is named after the cyclotron, a cyclic particle accelerator that utilizes an oscillating electric field tuned to this resonance to add kinetic energy to charged particles.

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What is the kinetic energy of a proton in a cyclotron?

What is a cyclotron used for in physics?

What are large accelerators used for in physics?

Which device is used to accelerate positive ions?

Which device is used to accelerate protons to a kinetic energy?

What is a cyclotron?

What happens when a particle is placed in a cyclotron?

Why electric and magnetic fields are used in a cyclotron?

What is the difference between electromagnetic accelerators and cyclotrons?

What is a cyclotron used for in physics?

How does cyclotron frequency depend on speed and radius?

What is the energy of the particles in a cyclotron?

What is the theory of cyclotron?

What is cyclotron resonance?

What is the radius of a cyclotron?

How does a cyclotron accelerate a particle?

Does the final energy of a cyclotron depend on the accelerating voltage?

What is the difference between electromagnetic accelerators and cyclotrons?

Why is the path of a cyclotron spiral?

What is the energy of alpha particles in a cyclotron?

a cyclotron designed to accelerate protons

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